Crown Jewels Museum with its display of elaborate crowns,
thrones, jewel laden swords and shields, and many more unique
metals and gem-encrusted items
is located in the Middle East, bounded by Turkmenistan and the
Caspian Sea, Afghanistan, Pakistan, the Persian Gulf, the Gulf
of Oman, Iraq and Turkey. The centre and east of the country is
largely barren desert with mountainous regions in the west.
Tehran, the capital, is essentially a busy and modern city, but
the best of the old has been preserved.
As one of the first countries to be occupied by the early
Islamic armies which came out of Arabia in the seventh century,
Iran has a rich and detailed history. The antique sights of
Persia, one of the greatest empires of the ancient world, can be
witnessed alongside bustling metropolises and vast mountain
ranges. Several bazaars are just as old and Iran is the
destination for those in search of the most expensive rugs and
carpets in the world.
Iran has maintained a distinct cultural identity within the
Islamic world by retaining its own language and adhering to the
Shi'a interpretation of Islam. As a unique Islamic Republic,
Iran is ruled by both supreme leaders and elected presidents.